Posteado por: jljimenezgarcia | diciembre 12, 2017

El jerez en la Inglaterra de la segunda mitad del XIX.


Lord Salisbury y Wiliam Vernon Harcourt, ideando un nuevo impuesto al jerez..

The Spectator, 7 noviembre 1885. LORD SALISBURY’S ECONOMICS.
LORD SALISBURY has taken a step which, if it were thoroughly understood by the electors, would produce a profound impression. He has declared for “Fair-trade,” not as a vague idea, but as a practical policy which he desires permission to carry out, and for the total abolition of Custom duties between Great Britain and the remainder of her Empire. In his speech of Tuesday, to the South London Conservative Associations, he complained bitterly of the belief in Free- trade as ” a kind of fetish-worship,” and urged that when any nations erected a wall of tariffs against British goods, we should so far give up Free-trade as to retaliate by heavy tariffs upon the things we import from them. If Spain, for instance, taxed our manufactures, we should tax Spanish sherry till she became more reasonable. If we did not pursue this policy, he said, we should enter into the battle of commerce “unarmed.” The audience cheered these sentiments enthusiastically ; and as Lord Salisbury is considered abroad the head of the British Government, and as the urban electors, if they go wrong at all, will go wrong about finance, it is worth while to consider for a moment what this declaration means. It means a war of tariffs with half the nations of the world, beginning with the United States. Lord Salisbury very cleverly used Spain as his illustration, because dear sherry would not signify to the poor, and all taxes on liquor are approved by general opinion ; but he could not apply his principle for a moment without considering the American case.



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